How to take care of the full moon puppy?

Between 30-50 days is considered as weaning period; breast feed period is within 50days after puppies born.

The first 30 days after the puppies are born; they mainly live on breast milk. Dog milk contains more protein and fat than human milk.

After three weeks of birth, the puppies began to grow teeth. At this time, aside from feeding dog milk, some weaning foods should also be added. The weaning period is the most critical period in the growth of a puppy. It must be prevented from malnutrition. There are special weaning dog foods on the market. You can also add some boiled water or dog milk to puppies’ dog food to make the dog food softer, which is more convenient to eat and nutritious. Puppy dog ​​foods contain higher calories and more nutrients than adult dog foods. They are small particles, therefore easier to eat.

The number of feedings varies among difference weaning puppies. Feeding 4 to 6 times a day is the most appropriate. Weaning foods should be small and easy to digest. Feeding dog milk powder is recommended: If you feed it too much fresh milk, it may cause diarrhea due to indigestion, and it should be fed properly to poorly digested puppies. Dog milk powder with the same composition as dog milk can be fed to the dog in large quantities.

In addition, when purchasing puppies from a pet shop, it is advisable to ask a professional about the number of feedings and types of food suitable for the puppies.

Increasing the weaning foods gradually to the milk can help the puppies to be completely weaned about 50 birth days.

Weaning dog food production methods:

  1. Add a sufficient amount of warm water in puppies food to make the dry dog ​​food soaked soft.
  2. Using a spoon to crush the dog food, and then add some powdered milk for dogs to supplement some calcium.
  3. Gently stirred into a paste, delicious weaning dog food will be made. Growth period usually is from the third month after birth, the food after weaning determines future eating habits.

After 2 months of birth, the puppy’s deciduous teeth are basically long and should be gradually fed into puppies’ dog food. Initially, a small amount of puppy ​​food was added to weaning food and fed 3 to 4 times a day. Gradually reduce the proportion of weaning food until all are replaced by puppies’ food. After 6 months of birth, the feeding time should be reduced to 2-3 times a day.

In addition, during this period, the puppies have the ability to digest starch and can feed with appropriate amount of cereal.

Two to five months after birth, it is a time for puppies to cultivate the eating habits. If you feed too much human’s food, the puppies will lose interest in dog food. If you plan to feed your dog based on dog food, it is best not to feed it with human food.

 

What should we pay attention to for one or two months old puppies?

  1. It is recommended that you feed dogs with puppy dog ​​food. If the dog is too small, you can feed the dog with dog milk powder. Add a little milk enzyme to the milk powder to prevent it from diarrheal in the changing foods period. Slowly add the dog’s food with milk and do not use cow milk as the milk will cause the dogs having diarrhea, it can cause dehydration for the severe one. During this period, the family can prepare some cereal food to prevent diarrhea and indigestion. Other foods should not be fed including snacks (there are many foods that can cause poisoning or allergy to puppies. The specific food names can be searched online).
  2. Safety measures must be done properly at home: puppies are mentally curious, will try sniffing and biting any new object. The fragile objects should be removed and ensure that puppies do not bite dangerous objects such as wires. Make sure the surrounding socket are turn off. Chilli oil can prevent puppies from biting things. To prevent puppies from going out, lock the door and close the low window. Put wires and decoration materials out of reach of puppies. Temporarily remove valuable and fragile items until the puppies stop the bitten things period.

 

Food for puppies:

  1. Food suitable for puppies

(1) Puppy-specific foods such as dog food and canned food.

(2) Powdered milk for puppies: There is a dedicated puppies milk powder, or skim milk powder, but it is best to buy bags type of milk powder for small dog; while the big dog, you can buy a bucket.

(3) Yolk: The advantage of egg yolk is not only rich in protein but also vitamin A, calcium and minerals that are easily digested and absorbed.

(4) Meat: Although cattle, pigs, chicken, etc. are excellent foods, when feeding puppies, it is advisable to choose fat-free portions because fats are easily deteriorated. Remember to feed the cooked food and not the raw meat!

  1. The food that not suitable for puppies:

(1) Frozen milk

(2) High fat Meat.

(3) Extreme foods such as sour, spicy and salty food.

(4) Small bones: Large and medium-sized puppies can feed with calcium rich large bones, and do not feed with small bone like chickens, fish, and duck bones.

(5) Pastries: no need to feed them with pastries.

(6) Chicken liver, etc. Do not feed the internal organs of poultry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

Others Food

Not recommended foods for dog: Alcoholic beverages- it can lead to intoxication, coma and even death for dog.

Baby food: It might contain onion powder, which can poison the dog (see Onion column below). If you feed a lot, it can lead to under-nutrition.

Bones, poultry bones, and other bones of meat: Can cause obstruction or scratching of the digestive system.

Cat food: Usually contains too much protein and fat.

Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other foods containing caffeine: Contains caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can cause poisoning in dogs and affect the heart and nervous system.

Citrus (Lemon) Extracted oil: May cause vomiting. Fat being tick down can cause pancreatitis.

Grapes and Raisins: Contains an unknown toxin that can damage the kidneys. However, grape seed extract does not have this problem.

Hops: Contains unknown compounds that can cause asthma, rapid heartbeat, elevated body temperature, heart attack, and even death.

Iron supplements for human: They can damage the inner wall of the digestive system and are toxic to organs such as the liver and kidneys.

A lot of liver foods: Can cause vitamin A poisoning, affecting muscles and bones.

Macadamia nuts: Contains unknown toxins that can affect the digestive system, nervous system and muscles.

Marijuana: It can suppress the nervous system, cause vomiting or change the normal heart rate.

Milk and other dairy products: Some adult dogs and cats lack of lactose-degrading enzymes (lactase). It can cause diarrhea. Lactose-free dairy products are more suitable for pets.

Moldy, expired and rubbish food: Contains multiple toxins that can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and may affect other tissues.

Mushrooms: Contains toxins that can affect various systems in the body, causing shock and even death.

Onions and garlic (raw, cooked, or powdered): Contains dimethyl sulfoxide, which can destroy red blood cells and cause anaemia. Cats are more susceptible than dogs. Garlic is less toxic than onions.

Persimmons: Persimmon seeds can cause bowel obstruction and gastroenteritis.

Peach and plum kernels: Can cause digestive tract obstruction.

Leaves (buds) of potatoes, rhubarb and tomatoes; stems of potatoes and tomatoes: Contains oxalate, which affects the digestive system, nervous system and urinary system. The impact on livestock is even greater.

Raw eggs: Contains an enzyme, avidin, which affects the absorption of vitamin H (a type of vitamin B). Can cause skin problems and back hair problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.

Raw fish: Can cause deficiency of vitamin B1, cause loss of appetite, sudden heart disease (or other diseases), and can cause serious death if you feed the dog with raw fish regularly.

Salt: If you eat a lot of salt, it can lead to electrolyte imbalance.

Sugars: Can cause obesity, dental problems, and may cause diabetes.

Leftovers (mass): Unbalanced nutrition of leftovers. Even if fed, it should not exceed 10{d6ac34d5bda40caaf91be7c16fcf8b364e6d9429989cb59a4c28ecf9a9081d23} of the recipe. The fat on the meat should be removed and do not feed with the bones.

Tobacco: contains nicotine and can affect the digestive and nervous systems, which can lead to excessive rhythm, collapse, coma, and death.

For Dogs Supplementing Calcium, different breeds and sizes of dogs required different amount in calcium supplementation at different ages. But no matter the dogs’ size, they don’t need calcium during breastfeeding, because they can get a lot of calcium from breast milk. After puppies are weaned, no supplements to calcium are required for mini dogs and small dogs due to they already having adequate amounts of calcium.

However, large and medium dogs should pay attention to proper calcium supplementation at this time. Because the dog’s body size is greater, the faster the growth, the greater the demand for calcium, the calcium contained in the puppy food is difficult to meet their growth needs. If you are feeding your dog homemade food, you should pay more attention to calcium supplements. In addition, if your dog eats animal liver for a long time or uses meat as a staple food, it should also be given calcium in an appropriate amount. Because these foods contain not only low levels of calcium, but also high concentrations of vitamin A, long-term intake of high concentrations of vitamin A in dogs inhibits calcium absorption.