Feeding and weaning:
Under normal circumstances, the puppies are breast feeding from the mother until 3-5 weeks of age. After 3 weeks of age, some milk or breast milk can be used on the dish to allow puppies to learn to feed from the dish to supplement their nutrition. This can prevent the development of under nutrition. Obstructed and reduced the burden on the female dog.
From the mother dog milk:
When the puppies are nearly three weeks old, they can begin to feed the foodstuffs and the commercial teaching materials are used according to the instructions. It can also be self-formulated by adding cereals for infants with milk and placing them on a dish. Bring the puppies to a dish and stick some of cereal to your fingers and put in the mouth of the puppies twice a day. After that, the puppies will eat on their own. When feeding the foodstuffs with the plate, the female dog must be taken away in some cases to prevent the mother dog from disturbing the puppies. When puppies are accustomed to eating from the plate, they can gradually increase the amount of feeding and increase it to three or four times a day, after which meat products can be given. If you give fresh meat (due to the lack of calcium in the meat) you need to add some bone meal to maintain the nutritional balance. Try to use of various brands of puppies canned food in turn, canned meat better than fresh meat in nutrition, but still have to add some bone meal.
The puppies develop rapidly and are fed more than once a day compare to normal adult dog. If the bitch has enough milk and the breastfeeding condition is good, do not hurry for weaning. However, if it has reached 5 weeks of age, the aforesaid procedure should be followed to weaning. After 6 weeks, young puppies do not require bitches to breastfeed.
Feeding of developing adult dogs:
When the puppies reach the age of 12 weeks, they are fed 3 times a day until 6 months of age. They are then reduced to one meal a day to 9 months of age, and can be fed one or two meals a day with the individual or the environment. In general, small dogs (especially toy dogs) are advised to eat two meals a day.
Correct eating habits:
Do not make your dog a picky eater. When puppies are fed, put the food, bring the dog to the food, keep it quiet, let the dog eat, take away the food plate and residual food after 20-30 minutes, the remaining food can be stored in the refrigerator, just heat it and add more food for the next Meal.
Artificial rearing puppies:
In general, bitches will automatically take care of newborn puppies. The following special circumstances require artificial rearing: 1. Orphans, 2. Weakness, 3. Sickness, 4. Premature delivery, 5. Rejection by bitches, 6. Unable to be raised by bitches. Artificial rearing includes bottle feeding, cleaning the body, stimulating defecation and keeping warm.
Artificially raise healthy puppies:
You can use milk substitute products (ready-made products) directly, use a home use blender to prepare milk replacer powder, prepare fresh milk replacer every day, store it in the refrigerator, and warm it to 38°C when feeding.
Artificially breed weak puppies:
The milk replacer may be too strong for the debilitating puppies. It is possible to dilute 2 parts of cow milk and 1 part of water, add about 10 grams of glucose, and then instill two drops of the baby’s vitamins. Warm it up to 38°C and feed every 2 hours once a day.
Every time a debilitating puppies eat a small amount, each feeding may take up to half an hour. If a debilitating puppies cannot eat, they will quickly fail and die. You can try dropping the milk into the puppy’s mouth. If you unable to let it eat, seek for the veterinarian.
Can the artificially raised puppies be returned to the mother dog for breastfeeding?
Some nervous or neurotic bitches will completely reject their puppies if they have been disturbed or have slight changes, or will constantly clear and lick on the puppies that have been artificially raised and touched until puppies Bite or even eat. A pup that is weak or has been rejected by the bitch is best kept artificially and not sent back to the bitch.
Some bitches don’t like human to help them take care for her puppies. Humans should try not to touch puppies during breast feeding. If you need to touch puppies, do not wash your hands with soap or detergent to avoid the smell of puppies. Or touch the bitch first before touching the puppies so that it can mask off or confuse the taste of the person left on the puppy.
When the bitch is nursing, it will constantly clean the face and body of the puppies, as well as the anus and other parts, to stimulate the puppies to urinate and urinate. The urine is also cleaned up by the bitch. When artificially reared, the nurturing person should simulate the action of the bitch; clean the milk and dirt on the face and fur, clean the anus, and stimulate the puppies for excrement.