Things for Newborn puppy that should pay attention to

Newborn puppies should pay attention to keeping warm. The indoor temperature should be above 23 degrees Celsius. When the room temperature is lower than 21 degrees Celsius, use a small electric blanket or hot water bottle to increase the temperature, but be sure to wrap it up with a towel so as not to burn the dog. Generally speaking, puppies and babies, like babies, spend most of their time sleeping and breastfeeding. If they are screaming or uneasy, they should consider whether the temperature is low or whether the bitches clean their urine on time for puppies. Bitch cleanup), whether the milk is sufficient, artificial help can be given to frail dogs, so that weak dogs can eat or artificially feed some milk powder.

Newborn puppies do not have hearing and vision, and usually open their eyes for about 2 weeks. With the opening of the ear canal, hearing can be heard between 13 and 17 days. The dog can be manicured for 20 days or so. The dog is irritating to breast milk. When the dog is sucking, the forefinger does not disable the breast of the bitch. If the nail is not trimmed, it can easily catch the bitch’s abdomen. However, care should be taken not to cut it too short, but to cut only the front fingertips.

When the baby dog grows up healthily, it is also necessary to care about the dog and mother. The bitches should be fed some nutritious foods, preferably puppies and dog food, to avoid insufficient milk due to malnutrition and affect the healthy growth of puppies.

 

How to Care for Newborn Puppies and Puppies

Under normal and healthy conditions, each newborn puppies will be squeezed into milk shortly after they are born. In the first days or two of his life, the puppy absorbed from his mother’s colostrum the antibodies needed to protect it for the first six to ten weeks. Most puppies rely exclusively on breastfeeding for the first few weeks (to be sure that the whole litter of puppies gets their hands on their milk). In the future, we must decide on the best time for the introduction of solid foods and start weaning. The bitches keep the puppies clean and clean up their excrement, so they often have to replace newspapers in the litter box.

The newly born puppy is blind and deaf. It took ten to fourteen days to open eyes, and another seven days to see things. Between the 13th and 17th days of birth, hearing began to work with the opening of the ear channel.

Here are some things you should pay attention to:

  1. Repair claws. You may need to trim the puppy’s claws between fourteen and twenty-one days, because the puppy’s kneading reflexes during suckling can scratch the mother’s lower abdomen. You must use a baby’s nail clipper to trim the puppy’s paws.
  2. Sleep and rest. As a baby, the puppy’s sleeping skills are amazing. A well-fed puppy is a sucker in addition to sleeping within one week after birth. Afterwards, their activity gradually increased and they rickety until around three weeks. By twelve to fourteen weeks, you will notice that the puppy’s activity time varies between the original sleep cycles.
  3. Keep the puppy warm. Temperature is a problem that must be carefully watched. The temperature of the puppy’s development in the uterus is 38.5 degrees. Although the temperature of the mother’s body will decrease before the baby is born, it is still a test when the dog is born wet. Wet firstborn puppies are prone to chills, but there are no indications within 48 hours of birth that they have acquired an irresistible infection. Newborn puppies cannot grow up to form an excellent protective layer when they are seven to ten days old. Therefore, the ability of heat regulation is poor, and body temperature often rises and falls with the surrounding environment. After seven days, although there was some thermal conditioning, this ability was not particularly effective before four weeks of age. This is why you need to provide supplemental heat for at least the first two weeks, even if the dog is in the bitch’s nest. You should keep the room temperature at 30-33 degrees. Another method is to keep the room at a constant temperature of 21 degrees and provide extra heat for the puppy’s bed. Allow room temperature to drop 3 degrees every two weeks.
  4. Check for frail puppies. The healthy puppy feels dry, warm and plump, with normal skin elasticity. When you pick them up, you will make a twist reaction. The frail puppy feels soft and wet, the skin is not flexible, and the wrinkles that are picked up by hand can be tent-like. A litter of happy and healthy puppies will make a soft buzz and be interrupted by buzzing and screaming from starvation or eating. Frail puppies do not settle down, they crawl around, waste energy and make a sad sob, and finally lie listlessly in the corner. Pay attention to which puppies do not eat milk. It is possible that one or two puppies will miss the opportunity to breastfeed until they are so weak that they do not eat milk at all. Dogs like this need special care and consult a veterinarian if necessary.

 

2 months old puppy health care

Puppies have a regular life, feeding should be regular, quantitative and nutritionally balanced. Do not allow puppies to develop bad habits of picky eaters and cause malnutrition. Pay attention to preventing hypervitaminosis (especially vitamin A or D) or calcium deficiency. Puppy should not eat too much, generally 7 to 8 points on it. It is forbidden to feed spoiled foods. It is advisable to wash the bowls at each feeding. This will prevent diarrhoea or food poisoning.

It is necessary to pay close attention to observing the condition of the puppies and determine whether they are normal. The number of stools generally varies with the age of the dog. The big dogs in first month are several times a day, and they average about 3 times a day in second month. The frequency of bowel movements is related to the type of food; when feeding meat and rice, the amount and frequency of defecation is lesser; the frequency and amount of starchy foods fed are numerous. Pay attention to the color, smell, and presence or absence of insects in puppies. Normal stool is strips, soft and hard, usually yellowish. But it is also affected by food, such as meat or liver fed, the feces are generally black. The number of urination also varies with the age of the dog. For the first month, it is around 2 hours per time. Second month, it is around about 5-6 times a day. Urine with pale yellow, clear and transparent is considered as healthy. For the first time in the morning, the pee is slightly darker. However, if the color of the urine is found to be very dark, high chance it getting sick. It is best to seek for veterinary consultation.

It is advisable to have a physical examination every month in an animal hospital to test for urine and urine, and to drive out intestinal parasites if necessary. (Note: Look for animal hospitals with good reputation and good facilities.)

The puppies are afraid of the cold, so regardless of whether it is winter or summer, you must pay attention to keeping the puppies warm.

Don’t let your puppies have a long time on your belly. It’s easy to catch cold and cause diarrhea or a cold.

No matter what type of the dog breed, it is not appropriate to take a walk on the road until 5 months ago. Because the puppies’ bones are not fully developed, walking for a long time can cause the bones of the limbs to deform; at the same time, the puppies are vulnerable to infection. You can play and exercise properly indoors or in the courtyard. When the sunlight is not too strong and the outdoor temperature is not too high, let the puppies sunbathing, which is conducive to bone growth.

Two-month-old puppies should be able to be trained on good habits. First of all, give the dog a nice name, often call its name, let her know the name is to call her, set up a conditional reflex, make it come. Regular education of defecation and defecation can also begin. Although puppies before the age of 4 months do not urinating, it is not until 4 months before the urine can be spread, but it can be taught gradually.

Vacine injections is very important! ! !

At 2 months old, antibodies from the mother are almost eliminated, and various viral diseases may occur at this time. Therefore, the most important is the first vaccination against canine distemper fever, canine parvovirus, and infectious hepatitis. Approximately 2 weeks after the vaccine injection, antibodies can be developed. In about 2 months, if the puppy is not been able to get a vaccination and during the disease epidemic period or likely to be infected, you can directly inject antiserum against the virus to directly increase the body’s antibody. After 2 weeks, vaccinated again is needed.

Feeding and weaning

If all goes well, puppies will drink mother’s milk happily until about three to five weeks. During this time, in addition to the bitch’s milk, you can begin to supplement other foods. At the same time, it allows the puppies to learn to feed from shallow dishes. Doing so can prevent the growth of puppies from being affected by the decrease in mother’s milk, and it can also naturally reduce the amount of milk produced by bitches.

Let the puppy wean off the bitch

The first step in weaning is to make the liquid mixture by mixing the baby cereal with milk, and use a finger or a teaspoon handle to pick up the liquid and put it in to the mouth of each puppy.

When using solid foods for the first time, if you want to use fresh meat, you should add bone meal to supplement calcium. When the puppies more than 3 weeks old, they can be fed directly with minced beef and added with bone meal.

You can use specially formulated canned puppy foods alternately, even with the canned adult dog foods which is more balanced in nutrition than fresh meat, but adding some bone meal still required. No matter what kind of food you choose, you must grind it fine. To make canned meat easier for puppies, you can pour a small amount (less than 10{d6ac34d5bda40caaf91be7c16fcf8b364e6d9429989cb59a4c28ecf9a9081d23} in volume) of hot water, and then use a knife to break it. When the amount of milk that the bitch can provide is reduced, the puppy is given more manual feeding. As infants require more frequent feeding, puppies feed more often than adult dogs, both for rapid growth and for good growth. Calculated on a unit weight basis, the puppy’s caloric requirement is four times that of a dog of the year.

If the bitch still has plenty of milk to raise the puppy, then there is no need to over-emerge to wean a litter of puppies. However, if the puppy hasn’t been weaned for five weeks, it should start seriously and start with meat. In general, until around six weeks of age, puppies only need to get a very small portion of the mother’s milk, gradually forming the adult dog eating habits.

By the age of twelve weeks, puppies usually take the initiative to lose interest in one of the feedings, so a meal of milk can be subtracted. Usually three meals a day can last until half year old, then two meals a day until nine months old. The next step is to feed one or two meals a day, depending partly on the environment and partly on the dog itself. In general, it is better to feed two small-size dogs food each day.

The correct feeding method

Do not let the puppy busy to look for food. When you drop food for the puppy, lead it to food and leave quietly. Don’t expect the puppies found the food themselve, leave it for 20-30 minutes and then withdraw it. Sometimes leftovers can be covered and refrigerated, and the next time a little gravy or soup can be added for the puppies to eat again. It must be removed after 20-30 minutes, otherwise the food will dry out and lose its flavor.